Understanding Call and Put Options in Indian Stock Market

In the captivating realm of the Indian stock market, call options and put options are like versatile tools that empower traders with the ability to buy or sell an underlying asset at predetermined terms. This insightful guide unravels the mysteries of call and put options, delving into their mechanics, types, and their crucial role in shaping trading strategies. Tailored for the Indian audience, this article is your compass to grasp the intricacies of options trading.

Unveiling Call and Put Options:

Call options and put options are contractual instruments that grant the holder the right, but not the obligation, to either buy or sell an underlying asset at a pre-set price within a specific timeframe. While call options bestow the power to buy, put options bestow the power to sell the underlying asset.

Diverse Types of Call and Put Options:

The options universe is composed of two prominent categories

American Options

These options can be exercised at any point before the expiration date. While they offer greater flexibility, they also tend to be relatively pricier.

European Options 

You can only exercise these on the expiration date. They may lack the same flexibility as their American counterparts, but they generally come with a more cost-effective price tag.

Diving into the Mechanism of Call Options

A call option offers the holder with the right to buy the underlying asset strike price, (pre determined price) on or before the expiration date. The holder of a call option typically anticipates a rise in the asset’s value. When the asset’s price surpasses the strike price, the call option holder can execute the option, buying the asset at the comparatively lower strike price and making a profitable transaction. 

Deciphering the Mechanism of Put Options

A put option grants the holder the right to sell the underlying asset at the strike price on or before the expiration date. The holder of a put option generally forecasts a decline in the asset’s value. Should the asset’s price plunge below the strike price, the put option holder can exercise the option, selling the asset at the relatively higher strike price and reaping a profit.

Illustrating Concepts of Call Option and Put Option with Examples

Example 1:

Stock: ABC Ltd.

Call Option: Strike Price – ₹100

Expiration Date: 30th September 2023

Premium: ₹5

In this scenario, the call option holder has the prerogative to purchase shares of ABC Ltd. at ₹100 on or before 30th September 2023. If the share price climbs beyond ₹100, the holder can leverage the option to buy shares at a more favorable rate. Should the share price remain below ₹100, the option can be left to expire.

Example 2:

Stock: XYZ Ltd.

Put Option: Strike Price – ₹200

Expiration Date: 31st December 2023

Premium: ₹10

In this example, the put option empowers the holder to vend XYZ Ltd. shares at ₹200 on or before 31st December 2023. If the share price descends below ₹200, the holder can capitalise on the option, selling shares at a more advantageous price. However, if the share price stays above ₹200, the option can be allowed to expire.

Some Things to Know: Call and Put Options

  1. What is call and put with example?

A call option allows the buyer to purchase an asset at a specified price by a certain date, while a put option enables the sale of an asset at a predetermined price within a set timeframe. For instance, buying a call option for ABC stock at ₹100 before 31st December 2021 permits you to buy 100 shares of ABC stock at ₹100 each by or on that date. Conversely, a put option for XYZ stock at ₹50 until 31st December 2021 allows you to sell 100 shares of XYZ stock at ₹50 per share within that time frame.

  1. How do call options and put options work?

Call and put options operate by conferring upon the purchaser the entitlement to acquire or sell an asset at a prearranged price within a designated timeframe. In exchange for this privilege, the buyer remits a premium to the seller. Consequently, the seller accepts this premium and undertakes the responsibility to carry out the transaction should the buyer opt to exercise the option.

  1. Which option is best, call or put?

The choice between call and put options depends on multiple factors, including market expectations, risk tolerance, trading objectives, and strategy. Generally, call options are used when anticipating an asset’s price to rise, while put options are employed when expecting a price decline. Nevertheless, there are diverse strategies involving call-and-put options, such as hedging, speculating, or creating complex combinations.

  1. What is a put option example?

A put option example involves a contract that grants the buyer the right, though not the obligation, to sell an asset at a predetermined price within a specific period. For instance, holding a put option on RST stock with a strike price of ₹200 until 31st January 2022 allows you to sell 100 shares of RST stock at ₹200 each before or on 31st January 2022. You would exercise this option if RST stock’s market price falls below ₹200, as it permits you to sell at a higher price. Conversely, if the market price remains above ₹200, you’d let the option expire, selling in the open market for potentially higher prices.


Call options and put options are instrumental instruments in the intricate symphony of the Indian stock market. By mastering the dynamics of these options, traders can fine-tune their strategies, aligning them with their market expectations. These financial tools equip Indian investors with the flexibility to harness market trends to their advantage, elevating their trading prowess and paving the way for well-informed investment decisions.