Mastering Future Contract Trading: A Guide for Indian Investors

Investing in future contracts can be a powerful strategy for Indian investors looking to diversify their portfolios and manage risk. If you’re eager to learn how to buy a futures contract in India and explore the world of future contract trading, you’ve come to the right place. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll demystify the process, provide real-life examples, and answer your frequently asked questions.

Understanding Future Contracts

What Are Future Contracts?

Future contracts are financial agreements that obligate the buyer to purchase and the seller to sell a specific asset, such as a commodity or financial instrument, at a predetermined price on a future date. These contracts serve as valuable tools for hedging against price fluctuations and speculating on asset price movements.

Buying a Future Contract: Step by Step

Choose Your Asset: Determine the asset you want to invest in using a future contract. In India, you can explore various options, including commodities like gold, agricultural products, or financial instruments like stock index futures.

Select a Contract: Futures contracts come in different varieties, with varying expiration dates. Choose a contract that aligns with your investment goals and timeline.

Open a Trading Account: To buy a future contract, you’ll need a trading account with a registered broker in India. Ensure your broker offers access to the specific futures market you’re interested in.

Fund Your Account: Deposit the necessary funds into your trading account to cover the margin requirements for the future contract. The margin is a percentage of the contract’s total value, and it serves as collateral.

Place Your Order: Work with your broker’s trading platform to place an order for the desired future contract. You can specify the contract type, quantity, and expiration date.

Monitor Your Position: After buying a future contract, monitor the market closely. You can choose to hold the contract until expiration or sell it before the due date, depending on your trading strategy.

Real-Life Scenario: Buying Gold Futures

Let’s explore a practical example to illustrate buying a future contract. Suppose you’re an Indian investor interested in gold. You believe that the price of gold will rise in the coming months.

Asset Selection: You decide to buy a gold futures contract as a way to profit from a potential increase in gold prices.

Contract Choice: You choose a gold futures contract with an expiration date three months from today. This aligns with your short- to medium-term investment outlook.

Broker Selection: You open a trading account with a reputable broker in India that offers access to gold futures on a recognized exchange.

Funding: To buy the gold futures contract, you deposit the required margin amount in your trading account.

Placing the Order: Using the broker’s trading platform, you place an order to buy the specified quantity of gold futures contracts with a three-month expiration.

Monitoring: Over the next three months, you closely monitor the price of gold and the performance of your futures contract. If the gold price rises as you anticipated, you can choose to sell the contract for a profit.


Buying a future contract can be a rewarding endeavor for Indian investors willing to explore the world of derivatives. By understanding the fundamentals of future contract trading, conducting thorough research, and working with a trusted broker, you can unlock opportunities to diversify your portfolio and manage risk effectively. Start your journey into the world of future contracts today and empower yourself with valuable investment tools.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are future contracts suitable for long-term investors?

Future contracts are typically better suited for short- to medium-term trading and hedging strategies due to their fixed expiration dates.

What are the risks associated with buying future contracts?

Potential risks include market volatility, margin calls, and the obligation to fulfill the contract at the agreed-upon price.

Can I buy future contracts online in India?

Yes, most registered brokers in India offer online trading platforms for buying and selling future contracts.

How do I calculate the margin required for a future contract?

Margins are determined by the exchange and may vary based on market conditions. Your broker will provide you with margin requirements.

Can I exit a future contract before the expiration date?

Yes, you can sell a future contract before its expiration date to lock in gains or cut losses.


Disclaimer: Investments in the securities market are subject to market risks; read all the related documents carefully before investing.