How to Make Profits in Future Trading: A Comprehensive Guide

Future trading presents a realm of opportunity for those seeking to profit in the financial markets. To navigate this landscape successfully, one must adopt a thoughtful approach. Here are essential steps to help you reap profits in futures trading:

  • Select the Appropriate Market: Your journey begins with selecting a futures market that aligns with your trading style, risk tolerance, and available capital. Whether it’s equity futures, commodity futures, currency futures, or interest rate futures, understanding your chosen market is fundamental.
  • Thorough Market Analysis: Begin by conducting a comprehensive analysis of the market. Your goal here is to identify trends and evaluate the factors that impact asset prices. Use both technical tools like charts and indicators, as well as insights from fundamental analysis, which includes studying economic data and staying informed about news events.
  • Craft a Well-Defined Trading Plan: It’s crucial to create a solid trading plan that clearly outlines your objectives, risk-reward ratio, position sizing, entry and exit criteria, and strategies for using stop-loss and take-profit orders. Your trading plan will be your roadmap, helping you maintain discipline and consistency in your trading decisions. 
  • Strategic Trade Execution: Execute your trades according to the trading plan you’ve put in place. Be diligent in monitoring your positions. Make use of different order types and trading strategies that best suit your goals, allowing you to efficiently and effectively capture price movements. 
  • Effective Risk Management: Managing risk is of utmost importance in futures trading, considering its inherent leverage and volatility. Implement risk management techniques, such as setting up stop-loss orders, trailing stops, diversification, and applying position sizing strategies. These measures are crucial to protect your capital.

Profitable Futures Trading Strategies

Consider incorporating these profitable futures trading strategies into your arsenal:

1. Pullback Strategy: This strategy centers on identifying well-established trends and patiently awaiting temporary reversals or pullbacks within those trends. Enter the market in harmony with the prevailing trend after a retest of significant support or resistance levels.

2. Breakout Strategy: The breakout strategy revolves around price breakouts from consolidation zones. Look for price closure above or below a consolidation zone, accompanied by heightened volume and volatility. Enter the market following a breakout in the direction indicated.

3. Range Strategy: Engage in trading within clearly delineated ranges or channels by identifying horizontal boundaries. Buy near support levels when prices are at their lowest and sell near resistance levels when prices are at their peak. Confirm reversals or exhaustion using oscillators or candlestick patterns.

Future Trading Profit Calculation

Calculating profits or losses in future trading requires careful consideration of essential factors:

  • Contract Size: This denotes the quantity of the underlying asset represented by each futures contract, e.g., 100 grams of gold.
  • Tick Size: The minimum increment by which prices can move, often specified in smaller units, like ₹1 per gram.
  • Entry and Exit Prices: These signify the prices at which you initiated and concluded your futures position.
  • Number of Contracts: The quantity of futures contracts you traded.

To determine your profit or loss, apply the following formula:

Profit or Loss = (Exit Price – Entry Price) x Tick Size x Contract Size x Number of Contracts

For instance, if you acquired one gold futures contract at ₹50,000 and subsequently sold it at ₹51,000, with a tick size of ₹1 per gram and a contract size of 100 grams, your profit would amount to ₹1,000.

In futures trading, profitability hinges on prudent decision-making, a sound strategy, and adept risk management. Continual skill enhancement and adaptability to changing market conditions remain vital for long-term success.


Achieving profits in future trading demands a well-structured approach. Start by carefully choosing the appropriate market that suits your trading style and resources. Conduct thorough market analysis using technical and fundamental tools to understand trends and factors impacting asset prices.


What does buying a futures contract entail in India, and what is the significance of having a long or short position in this context?

Buying a futures contract in India involves agreeing to purchase or sell an underlying asset at a predetermined price and future date. A long position means you’re the buyer, expecting the asset’s price to rise, while a short position is the seller, anticipating a price drop.

How can one close a futures contract position before its expiration date in India, and what happens if it’s not squared off?

In India, you can close a futures contract by either selling it to another party at the market price or buying an opposite contract. Failure to square off results in settlement through physical delivery or cash settlement, depending on the contract type and exchange rules.

Could you provide an example of buying a futures contract in India, like a stock futures contract for a specific company?

Certainly, buying a stock futures contract in India might involve purchasing, for instance, Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) futures for March 2023. If the current spot price is Rs 2,000 per share and the futures price is Rs 2,100 per share, buying one lot of RIL futures (500 shares) would require a margin payment, not the full contract value upfront.

When should one consider buying a futures contract in India, and what are the associated risks and considerations?

It’s recommended to buy a futures contract in India when you have a bullish outlook on the underlying asset and expect its price to rise. However, remember that futures trading involves significant risk and leverage, amplifying both gains and losses. 


Disclaimer: Investments in the securities market are subject to market risks; read all the related documents carefully before investing.