Inflation Calculator| What are the Benefits of Inflation Calculator

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The most common topic in any conversation, whether at a party or your family dinner table, is inflation. Hearing your mom lament that with 500 bucks, she can now only buy 2 vegetables compared to the weekly groceries she could purchase a few months ago highlights this issue. This subtle yet persistent rise in prices affects everything from your daily groceries to your long-term savings. But what if you could peek into the future and understand the impact of this silent budget eater on your finances? Inflation calculator, a tool where numbers tell stories!

What are the different types of inflation, and what are the benefits of an inflation calculator?

Let us see!

What is the Meaning of Inflation?

Inflation means the general increase in prices of goods and services over time. As prices rise, the purchasing power of money falls, meaning you need more money to buy the same things.

Why does inflation occur?

  1. Increased Demand: When more people want to buy goods and services than what is available, prices go up.
  2. Higher Production Costs: When it costs more to produce goods and services, businesses raise prices to cover these costs.
  3. Supply Shortages: When there are fewer goods available in the market, prices tend to rise due to the limited supply.
  4. Wage Increases: When an organisation raises the wages of workers, they might increase prices to cover the higher wage costs.

How is Inflation Calculated in India

In India, inflation is calculated using the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It is a standard take into consideration the weighted average of prices of a range of consumer necessities such as, transportation, food, and healthcare.

There are two most important figures involved:

Consumer Price Index (CPI) estimates the average change in prices for variety of goods and services consumed by households, reflecting inflation’s impact on living costs in India.

The Weighted Price Index assigns varying importance to different goods and services based on their significance in household spending. This index offers a more accurate reflection of overall price changes.

  • The general rate of inflation formula: 

Inflation Rate=(Current Period CPI−Prior Period CPIPrior Period CPI)

  • In India, inflation is calculated using the Consumer Price Index (CPI) with the formula:


  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) calculates inflation using the combined Consumer Price Index (CPI).

The formula used is:

Inflation= (CPI Current Year−CPI Base Year/ CPI Base Year)×100

Now comes the most important thing- Retail Inflation!

What is Retail Inflation?

It calculates how much the prices of goods and services that we, as households, commonly purchase have increased over time. Retail inflation reflects the cost of living for the average consumer.

Imagine you visit a local market in India to purchase a basket of everyday items—rice, vegetables, milk, and soap.

Let’s assume this basket costs you ₹1,000 today. If retail inflation increases by 7% for the year, the same basket would cost you ₹1,070 next year. This price hike implies that without a corresponding increase in your income, you’ll be able to afford less with the same amount of money. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) keeps a tract of the retail inflation, updating periodically to reflect current spending patterns.

Key Highlights of India’s Retail Inflation in April 2024

  • Annual retail inflation rate: Eased to 4.83% in April 2024 from 4.85% in March 2024.
  • Prices slowed for:
    • Housing: 2.68% (down from 2.77% in March)
    • Clothing and footwear: 2.85% (down from 2.97%)
  • Prices fell faster for fuel and light: -4.24% (down from -3.24%).
  • Inflation rose for food and beverages: 7.87% (up from 7.68%).

Now comes the inflation calculator!

What is Inflation Calculator?

An inflation calculator is a convenient tool that helps you understand how the value of money changes over time due to inflation. It’s particularly useful in a dynamic market like India, where inflation rates can significantly affect purchasing power.

For example, let’s say you have ₹10,000 today, and you want to know how much it will be worth after 5 years, considering an annual inflation rate of 6%.

An inflation calculator will help you estimate that in 5 years, you would need approximately ₹13,382 to have the same purchasing power as ₹10,000 today. This is because the prices of goods and services are likely to increase due to inflation, making your money worth less in the future than it is now.

In simple terms, an inflation calculator helps you plan your finances by predicting how much more money you’ll need in the future to buy the same things you can buy today.

How is Inflation Calculated Using an Inflation Calculator?

Let’s say you want to understand how inflation affects the value of your ₹70,000 over time.

Here’s an example:

  1. Amount: ₹70,000
  2. Past date: August 2010
  3. Future date: August 2024

Steps to Use an Inflation Calculator:

  1. Enter the Amount: Start with ₹70,000.
  2. Enter the Number of Years- It would be 10 in this case.
  3. Select Rate of Inflation in Economy- Let’s say it is 6%


The inflation calculator tells us that ₹70,000 in August 2010 would be equivalent to approximately ₹93,676 in August 2024.

Back in 2012, goods that you could buy for around ₹70,000 would now cost around ₹93,676, reflecting the impact of inflation.

Note- Please note that the figures provided by the inflation calculator are estimations and may not reflect exact market conditions.

Benefits of Inflation Calculator

An inflation calculator helps us manage and plan our expenses and savings for the future!

Here are a few more benefits of an inflation calculator:

  • Historical Comparison: It helps you see how prices have changed over the years.
  • Financial Planning: Use it to estimate future costs and adjust your savings or investments.
  • Budgeting: Understand how inflation affects your spending power.
  • Cost of Living Adjustments: Employers and policymakers can use it to adjust wages and benefits.
  • Setting Financial Goals: Inflation calculator aids in setting realistic financial goals by accounting for the changing cost of living.

What are the Different Types of Inflation

When we use an inflation calculator, it’s important to know that there are different types of inflation.

Let us take a brief look!

  1. Demand-Pull Inflation: This type of inflation in the economy happens when demand for goods and services exceeds supply. 

This causes a situation where, people are willing to spend more money for the same quantity of goods, which in turn causes the prices to rise.

  1. Cost-Push Inflation: It happens when the overall costs of production increase. Thus leading businesses to raise overall prices in order to maintain profits.
  2. Hyperinflation: This is an extremely high and often accelerating rate of inflation. It depletes the real value of the Rupee as prices increase rapidly and uncontrollably. 

The worst result is the loss of confidence in the currency.

  1. Stagflation: A combination of stagnant economic growth, high unemployment, and high inflation.

It’s a challenging scenario because it makes it difficult for policymakers to address a crisis-like situation.

How to Control Inflation in India?

Controlling inflation is primarily the responsibility of the central bank, which in India is the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The RBI uses various monetary policy tools such as the repo rate, cash reserve ratio, and open market operations to manage liquidity and control inflation.

Additionally, SEBI- the Securities and Exchange Board of India, while not directly involved in controlling inflation, ensures fair market practices. This can indirectly influence inflationary trends.

  • Monetary Policy by Central Bank

Higher rates make borrowing expensive, reducing spending by publics and slowing inflation.

  • Fiscal Policy: Governments can reduce their spending or increase taxes.

This lowers the money supply in the economy, which helps control inflation.

  • Supply-Side Policies: Improving productivity and efficiency in the economy can reduce costs and lower inflation.
  • Price Controls: Sometimes, governments set limits on how much prices can increase. 

You may also want to know the TDS Calculator

Key Highlights of the Monetary Policy Statement, 2024-25

  1. The policy repo rate remains at 6.50%.
  2. RBI focuses on aligning inflation to a 4% target within a +/- 2% band while supporting growth.
  3. The Real Gross Domestic Product- GDP growth for 2024-25 is estimated at 7.2%.
  4. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation for 2024-25 is estimated to be 4.5%..


An inflation calculator is the best tool to help you understand how the value of money changes over time due to inflation. By merely comparing the current prices to those in a base year, you can see how much you’ll need to maintain the same purchasing power in the future. This tool is essential for financial planning and adjusting your savings or investments accordingly.

FAQs| Inflation Calculator

What is inflation?

Inflation is the rate at which the general price level of prices for various goods and services rises. Thus, leading to a decrease in the purchasing power of money.

Is there a formula for inflation?

Yes, the general formula for inflation is: Inflation Rate
(Current Period CPI−Prior Period CPI/Prior Period CPI)×100, where CPI reflects the consumer price index.

How does RBI calculate inflation?

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) calculates inflation using the combined Consumer Price Index (CPI) as the main measure since April 2014.



Disclaimer: Investments in the securities market are subject to market risks; read all the related documents carefully before investing.