Margin Calculator| How is the Margin Calculated?

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Have you ever spotted a stock, and your gut tells you it’s time to make a move? But wait! How much margin can you afford? What’s the risk? These questions force you to stop. Margin—the financial cushion that allows you to trade beyond your actual capital—holds the key. It’s the bridge that allows traders to borrow funds from a broker to expand their buying power in the market. It’s crucial because it enables you to take larger positions than their initial investment would otherwise allow. But calculating it manually? A tedious task, prone to errors. That’s where the margin calculator comes into play.

Now, what about the working of a margin calculator, types of margins, and how is the margin calculated?

Let us understand it all!

Margin Trading and Margin Calculator

Margin trading involves borrowing funds from a broker to purchase securities, using your existing securities or cash as collateral.

Smart trading begins with smart margins.

A margin calculator is your digital helper. It is particularly useful for those trading on margin.

Now, when you are trading on margin, it becomes essential to understand the costs and requirements set by brokers or exchanges.

When can you use a margin calculator?

You can use it for any trade, including equity, FnO, Currency, or commodity trading across MCX and NCDEX. 

A Margin Calculator has subset types using which you can quickly assess Equity, F&O, Currency, MCX, and NCDEX Margins.

  • Equity Margin Calculator
  • FnO Margin calculator
  • Currency Margin Calculator
  • MCX Margin Calculator
  • NCDEX Margin Calculator

Margin Trading and Margins in the Stock Market

“Buying on margin” involves using borrowed money from a broker to purchase securities.

  1. In a margin account, the broker lends money to the investor to buy more securities than their current account balance allows.
  2. Margin trading can be beneficial if the investor expects a higher return on the investment than the interest paid on the loan.

Now, when we say margin, it also has various types in the stock market.

Types of Margins

In India, traders must be aware of several types of margins:

  1. SPAN Margin

SPAN (Standard Portfolio Analysis of Risk) margin is the initial margin required by exchanges to cover potential losses in a portfolio.

  1. Initial Margin

The initial margin is the minimum amount of money or collateral that traders need to deposit before they can start trading. It ensures that they have enough funds to cover potential losses.

  1. Exposure Margin

Exposure margin is the additional margin required by exchanges to cover the potential risk associated with large positions or high-volatility assets.

  1. MTM Margin

MTM (Mark-to-Market) margin is the margin required to adjust for changes in the value of assets in a portfolio.

  1. Maintenance Margin

The maintenance margin is the minimum margin required to keep a position open. If it falls below this level, traders may receive a margin call or have their positions liquidated.

  1. VaR Margin

VaR (Value at Risk) margin is a risk management measure that estimates the maximum potential loss for a portfolio over a specific time period. It quantifies the likelihood of experiencing a loss in the value of that asset.

Typically, liquid securities require a one-day VaR margin, while illiquid securities require a three-day VaR margin.

7. Delivery Margin
Delivery margin is the margin required when traders opt for physical delivery of assets instead of cash settlement. It ensures that traders have enough funds to fulfil their delivery obligations.

8. Extreme Loss Margin
It is an additional margin imposed by exchanges to cover potential losses during extreme market conditions or events. It provides an extra layer of protection for traders and the market as a whole.

How is the Margin Calculated

The margin is calculated based on various factors, including:

  • Price of the Underlying Asset: Higher prices may require more margin.
  • Volatility: More volatile assets require higher margins.
  • Market Regulations: SEBI guidelines dictate minimum margin requirements.
  • Broker’s Policies: Brokers may have their own margin requirements in addition to regulatory ones.

Factors to Keep in Mind While Choosing an Online Margin Calculator in India

When choosing an online margin calculator, an Indian trader should consider:

  1. Accuracy: Ensure the online calculator provides precise calculations for market instruments.
  2. User-Friendliness: Opt for a tool that is easy to understand.
  3. Market Coverage: You must use a margin calculator that supports various segments, such as equity, F&O, currency, MCX, and NCDEX.

Now, choosing the right margin calculator is crucial for traders to assess their positions and manage risk effectively and accurately.

Fortunately, Shoonya offers a free margin calculator that simplifies this process. 

By leveraging Shoonya’s free margin calculator, you can ensure you have the necessary margin requirements covered across various market segments.

Shoonya Margin Calculator

Shoonya provides a user-friendly and free margin calculator for seamless trading.

Access various margin percentage calculators:

  • Equity Margin Calculator: for Delivery and Intraday.
  • FnO Margin Trading Calculator: Including Span, Exposure margin, Exchange Margin, Leverage, and Shoonya Margin (MIS).
  • Currency Margin Calculator: Covering Span, Exposure margin, Exchange Margin, Leverage, Shoonya Margin (MIS).
  • MCX Margin Calculator: with Span, Exposure margin, Exchange Margin, Leverage, Shoonya Margin (MIS).
  • NCDEX Margin Calculator: encompassing Span, Exposure margin, Exchange Margin, Leverage, and Shoonya Margin (MIS).

How to Use a Margin Calculator on Shoonya

Here are some quick steps to use a margin calculator:

  1. Visit the online website and click on the ‘Tools’ section. Click on ‘Calculators’ to access the tool.
  2. Choose ‘Margin Calculator’ and select the market segment: ‘Equity’, ‘FnO’, ‘Currency’, ‘MCX’, or ‘NCDEX’.
  3. Input required details like product, symbol, number of lots, buy/sell, etc.
  4. Click ‘Calculate Now‘ to get instant margin calculations.

Now, Shoonya is a suitable online platform not only offering a lifetime free demat account but uniform margin facilities such as:

Equity Delivery Margin1x
Equity Intraday MarginUpto 5x
Equity Futures Margin1x
Equity Options Margin1x
Currency Futures Margin1x
Currency Options Margin1x
Commodity Futures Margin1x
Commodity Options Margin1x

Benefits of Using a Margin Calculator

The Shoonya Margin calculator is essential for you because it offers:

  1. Transparent breakdown of margin requirements
  2. Zero-Commission Trading
  3. No Hidden Costs
  4. Easy to use Margin Trading Calculator
  5. Quickly calculates margins without manual computations.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Margin Trading

Here are some advantages of margin trading:

  • Leverage can lead to higher gains.
  • Boosts purchasing ability.
  • Offers more flexibility compared to other loans.
  • It can create a cycle of opportunities where growing collateral value opens up more leverage options.

Here are some negative sides of trading on margin:

  • Leverage can lead to increased losses.
  • Involves account fees and interest charges.
  • Margin calls may demand extra equity investments.
  • Forced liquidations can occur, resulting in selling securities (often at a loss).


The Margin Calculator simplifies trading by calculating various types of margins. It aids in smart decision-making. As an indispensable tool for traders, it also provides transparency and quick, accurate calculations.  However, you must be aware of the pros and cons of margin trading.

FAQs| Margin Calculator

What are the types of margins?

The different types of margins, like initial margin, SPAN, exposure, maintenance margin, VAR, etc.

What’s the minimum amount for margin trading?

The minimum varies among brokers. You must consult with your online broker for the exact amount.

Is margin trading risky?

Yes, margin trading carries risks due to potential losses being magnified when using borrowed funds.


Disclaimer: Investments in the securities market are subject to market risks; read all the related documents carefully before investing.