What are Adjusted Options in Option Contracts: Meaning and Features

Options contracts offer a realm of possibilities for investors; sometimes, adjustments come into play. In this article, we’ll delve into the concept of adjusted options within option contracts, unravel the reasons behind adjustments, and explore their implications. If you’re an Indian investor eager to expand your understanding, you’re in for an enlightening journey.

Understanding Adjusted Options: Unveiling the Mechanism

In the dynamic world of trading, various factors can lead to adjustments in option contracts. These adjustments aim to maintain fairness and align with market changes, ensuring that both parties in the contract are treated equitably.

Features of Adjusted Options

Let’s talk about adjusted options in the Indian economy. These are a bit unique compared to regular stock options, and here’s what sets them apart:

Tailored Changes

Adjusted options are like custom-made options. They get tweaked when there are big corporate events like mergers or acquisitions or when a company does things like splitting its stocks or paying dividends. These changes directly affect the value of the original stock.

Distinctive Signatures

You can spot them by their symbols, which differ from the usual options. Look out for an ‘A’ next to the symbol or some extra numbers in there.

Handled by NSE 

The National Stock Exchange (NSE) is the go-to place for these adjusted options. They’re the ones who create and adjust them. You can find all the fine print and details on the NSE website.

Not So Simple

Unlike regular options, these adjusted ones are a bit trickier. They’re not as easy to buy and sell because they don’t have as much trading activity. So, you might face wider price spreads when buying or selling them, which can mean higher costs. You might need to do some extra research to understand how they’ll perform and how risky they are.

Tax Perks

One cool thing about these adjusted options is how they’re treated for tax purposes. If they meet certain conditions, they get classified as equity options. That means if you make a profit by holding them for a while, you’ll pay less in taxes, just 10% (plus some extra fees) for gains over Rs 1 lakh in a year. Also, you won’t have to worry about dividend taxes, which is a nice bonus compared to other options.

Exploring the Whys of Adjustments

Adjustments in option contracts usually occur due to corporate actions, such as stock splits, dividends, mergers, or spin-offs. When any of these events take place, the terms of the original option contract might no longer reflect the current circumstances. Adjustments are made to ensure that both the buyer and the seller are not disadvantaged.

Impact of Adjustments on Option Contracts

When an option contract is adjusted, it might change its strike price, quantity of shares covered, or other terms. This ensures the contract’s economic value remains consistent with the new market reality.

Example: Stock Split Adjustment

Suppose you hold a call option for XYZ stock with a strike price of ₹1000. If XYZ undergoes a 2-for-1 stock split, the number of shares you have the right to buy would double, and the strike price would be halved to ₹500. This adjustment aligns the contract with the stock split’s impact on share price and quantity.

Conclusion: Navigating Adjusted Options

Adjusted options are vital to the option trading landscape, ensuring that contracts remain relevant and equitable despite changing market dynamics. As an Indian investor, understanding the mechanisms behind adjusted options empowers you to make informed decisions in an ever-evolving market. Whether you’re a seasoned trader or just embarking on your investment journey, the concept of adjusted options adds depth to your understanding of options contracts and their role in your portfolio.

FAQs: Answers to Your Questions

How are adjustments communicated to traders?

Adjustments are typically communicated through exchange announcements and notifications from brokerage firms.

Are all option contracts subject to adjustments?

Not all contracts require adjustments. Adjustments are made based on specific corporate events that impact the original contract’s terms.

Can investors reject adjustments?

Generally, investors do not have the option to reject adjustments. Adjustments are implemented to maintain fairness and market integrity.


Disclaimer: Investments in the securities market are subject to market risks; read all the related documents carefully before investing.