Nifty Futures: A Comprehensive Guide to Investing in Nifty Futures

Are you an Indian investor looking to explore Nifty Futures and enhance your investment portfolio? You’ve come to the right place! In this extensive guide, we’ll walk you through everything you need to know about Nifty Futures, from the basics to advanced strategies. Whether you’re new to investing in nifty futures or looking to refine your skills, we’ve got you covered.

What Are Nifty Futures?

Nifty Futures are financial contracts that derive their value from the Nifty 50 index, representing the top 50 companies in India. These contracts allow investors to speculate on the future direction of the Nifty index. Here’s how they work:

  • Contract Value: The value of one Nifty Futures contract is based on the current Nifty index value multiplied by a predetermined lot size.
  • Lot Size: Lot size refers to the quantity of Nifty index units represented by a single futures contract. It’s crucial to understand the lot size as it impacts your investment and risk.

Investing in Nifty Futures

Here are few basic steps that you must follow to start investing in Nifty Futures in India:

  • Choose a Broker: Begin by selecting a reputable brokerage firm in India that offers Nifty Futures trading services.
  • Open a Futures Trading Account: Complete the account opening process with your chosen brokerage, including necessary documentation and funding your account.
  • Lot Size and Margin: Familiarize yourself with the lot size and margin requirements for Nifty Futures contracts. The margin amount is the initial capital you need to enter a futures trade.
  • Placing Orders: Use your trading account to place orders for Nifty Futures contracts. You can enter various types of orders, including market orders, limit orders, and stop-loss orders.
  • Risk Management: Implement risk management strategies to protect your investments. This includes setting stop-loss orders and diversifying your portfolio.

Nifty Future Lot Size

The Nifty Futures lot size is the quantity of Nifty index units represented by a single futures contract. As of our last update, the Nifty 50 index lot size is typically 75 units. This means that when you buy one Nifty Futures contract, you are essentially gaining exposure to the performance of 75 Nifty index units.

Impact on Investment

Understanding lot size is crucial as it determines the capital required for each trade. For example, if the Nifty index is at 15,000, one futures contract would have a value of 15,000 * 75 = 11,25,000 INR. Therefore, you would need this amount as margin or capital to initiate a trade.

Trading Strategies for Nifty Futures

Trend Following: Many traders use moving averages and trend analysis to identify the prevailing trend in the Nifty index and then trade in the direction of that trend.

  • Volatility Trading: Volatility strategies involve trading based on expected price swings. Traders may use options in conjunction with Nifty Futures to manage risk and profit from volatility.
  • Arbitrage: Arbitrageurs look for price discrepancies between the Nifty Futures and the spot Nifty index. They aim to profit from these price differences by taking offsetting positions.
  • Hedging: Investors often use Nifty Futures to hedge their equity portfolios. If they anticipate a market downturn, they can take short positions in Nifty Futures to offset potential losses in their stock holdings.


In conclusion, Nifty Futures can be a valuable addition to your investment portfolio, offering opportunities to profit from both rising and falling markets. However, it’s essential to educate yourself thoroughly, manage your risks, and develop a trading strategy that aligns with your financial goals. Start your Nifty Futures journey today and take a step towards diversified and informed investing. Happy trading!


What is the expiry date of Nifty Futures contracts?

Nifty Futures contracts have different expiry dates. Typically, monthly contracts expire on the last Thursday of each month, while weekly contracts expire on every Thursday, except the last Thursday.

How do I calculate profit or loss in Nifty Futures trading?

To calculate profit or loss, find the difference between entry and exit prices, considering lot size and transaction costs. For instance, if you buy one lot at Rs. 18,000 and sell it at Rs. 18,500, your gross profit is Rs. 25,000. Deduct brokerage fees, taxes, and charges for your net profit.

Can I trade Nifty Futures with a small capital?

Yes, you can trade Nifty Futures with a smaller capital, but it’s risky. Understand margin requirements and leveraged trading risks. Margin is the collateral amount required, and if the market moves against you, you may face a margin call, leading to additional deposits or position closure.

Are there tax implications for Nifty Futures trading in India?

Yes, Nifty Futures trading in India is subject to capital gains tax. Short-term gains (under one year) are taxed at 15%, while long-term gains (over one year) are taxed at 10%. Additional charges such as STT, stamp duty, GST, and cess apply.

How to learn Nifty futures trading?

Learning Nifty futures trading involves understanding derivatives basics, Nifty futures characteristics, market analysis, and trading strategies. You can learn from books, online courses, or professional mentors.


Disclaimer: Investments in the securities market are subject to market risks; read all the related documents carefully before investing.