Exploring Nifty and Sensex Performance: A Beginner’s Guide For Investors

Are you new to the world of Indian stock markets? Wondering what Nifty and Sensex are and how they’ve been performing? You’re in the right place! In this blog post, we’ll walk you through the basics of Nifty and Sensex, their recent performance, and the factors that influence their movements.

Understanding Nifty and Sensex 

Nifty and Sensex are like the heartbeats of the Indian stock market. They are critical benchmark indices used to assess the performance and overall sentiment of the Indian economy.

Nifty represents the National Stock Exchange (NSE), while Sensex represents the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). Nifty tracks 50 carefully selected stocks, while Sensex keeps an eye on 30 stocks, all from diverse sectors of the economy.

These indices are calculated using the free-float market capitalization method. This means they take into account only the shares available for trading in the market, giving a more accurate reflection of the market’s health.

Exploring Nifty and Sensex’s Performance

Nifty and Sensex have shown impressive growth over the years, reflecting India’s robust economic growth. Between 1986 and 2021, Nifty grew at an annual rate of about 14%, while Sensex grew at a rate of approximately 15% per year.

But, like any financial indicator, they’ve had their share of ups and downs. Recent events significantly impacted their performance:

  • The COVID-19 pandemic: In early 2020, the pandemic hit the world, causing a global economic slowdown. Both Nifty and Sensex saw a sharp fall as lockdowns disrupted businesses. However, they bounced back due to stimulus measures and vaccine developments.
  • The US-China trade war: Trade tensions between the US and China in 2018-2019 affected global trade, creating volatility in Nifty and Sensex. India’s trade relations with both countries also felt the ripple effects.
  • Demonetisation and GST reforms: In 2016, India demonetised high-value currency notes, followed by the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in 2017. These moves had a mixed impact on Nifty and Sensex, causing short-term disruption but promoting long-term transparency.

Factors Influencing Nifty and Sensex Movements

Several factors influence the movements of Nifty and Sensex:

  • Corporate Earnings: The profitability of the companies in these indices affects their stock prices. Higher earnings mean better performance and higher share prices.
  • Macroeconomic Indicators: Economic conditions and indicators like GDP growth, inflation, and interest rates play a significant role.
  • Global Events: Events outside India, such as geopolitical conflicts and global policy changes, impact these indices.
  • Investor Sentiment: How investors feel about the market, driven by news, trends, and emotions, influences demand and prices.


Nifty and Sensex are more than just numbers; they’re barometers of India’s financial health. By understanding their basics, recent performance, and influencing factors, you’re better equipped to make informed investment decisions in the dynamic world of Indian stocks. Dive in, explore, and start your journey into the exciting realm of stock market investments!


What is the rate of return of Nifty?

The rate of return for Nifty signifies the percentage change in the Nifty 50 index’s value over a specified period, measuring its performance and potential profitability, taking into account dividends received during the time frame.

What is the return of Nifty 50 for 3 years?

The return of Nifty 50 over three years represents the percentage change in the index’s value from October 23, 2020, to October 23, 2023. It calculates the performance of investing in Nifty for that specific duration, accounting for dividends paid during the period.

What is the return of Nifty 50 in 20 years?

The return of Nifty 50 over a twenty-year period indicates the percentage change in the index’s value from the starting date to the ending date over two decades. It offers insights into the long-term performance of Nifty, considering dividends received during that time.

Is buying Nifty good?

Whether buying Nifty is a good decision depends on your investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. It’s often used as a benchmark or invested in through index funds or ETFs to gain exposure to a diversified portfolio of top Indian stocks. Make investment choices aligned with your financial objectives and consult with a financial advisor if needed.


Disclaimer: Investments in the securities market are subject to market risks; read all the related documents carefully before investing.